RECENT EDUCATIONAL & PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCHES

Quarterly, Blind Peer Reviewed, Refereed International Research Journal
[ISSN 2278-5949 Print]

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REPR-Current Issue : Apr - May - Jun - 2017

Sl.No. Title Author/s Abstract View/Download
1 CONSTRUCTION AND STANDARDIZATION OF GENERAL SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST (GSAT) FOR CLASS X STUDENTS OF MEGHALAYA P. K. Gupta & Carol Sungoh The present study highlights the construction and standardization of General Scholastic Aptitude Test (GSAT) for the Class X students of Meghalaya, in which the general scholastic aptitude of students is being assessed. The test included 190 items in preliminary try-out and was administered to a sample of 200 students. For the try-out, the test containing 150 items was administered to 555 students after which item analysis was done. The final form of the test consists of 100 items which was administered on a sample of 2000 students. The obtained split - half reliability coefficient was 0.95 and the K-R reliability co-efficient was 0.95. Concurrent validity was 0.96. Sigma scores, percentile norms, and stanine scores were derived for the total sample (N=2000) which comprises of male (N=853) and female (N=1147) students.
Keywords : General Scholastic Aptitude, General Scholastic Aptitude Test (GSAT)
2 QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG PRE, PERI AND POST MENOPAUSAL WOMEN : A COMPARATIVE STUDY Chandra Shekhar & Aakriti Sharma Menopause marks an extensive period of hormonal changes in women who establish the end of fertility. Menopause affects the quality of life through alterations in hormones, moods, health, and overall physical condition. Menopause is associated with a number of physical, psychological and social changes. The present study aimed to study stress, anxiety, depression and quality of life among pre, peri and post menopausal women. The sample for the study consisted of 100 women, including 35 Peri (age 40-50 years), 30 Post (age 45 yrs & above) and 35 pre Menopausal women (age 30-40 yrs) living in urban & rural areas, in the age range of 30 to 60 years. The sample was drawn using purposive sampling method. The tools used included: Socio-demographic record sheet, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS), WHOQOL-BREF. Mean, Standard deviation, ANOVA and correlation was used for statistical analysis. The statistical analysis revealed significant difference among pre, peri and post menopausal women on anxiety, psychological and environmental QOL. This study demonstrated the need to initiate educational programs for women about the menopausal period, addressing their concerns to improve the quality of life.
Key words : Quality of life, anxiety, stress and depression.
3 ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTS OF SHILLONG TOWN
Ibadani Syiem & Lapdianghun Nongrum Academic achievement has become very essential in the present socio-economic and cultural context, especially in schools great emphasis is placed on achievement right from the beginning of formal education. The need to achieve or the achievement motivation of the students could play a pivotal role in learning process at different levels of education which can also be reflected in the academic achievements of the students. Achievement motivation is the individual's desire to accomplish something, to do his best, and to excel in performance. In the present study an attempt was made to find out the difference between sex and type of school management in achievement motivation and the relationship between the two variables was also examined. The Achievement Motivation tool developed by Pratibha Deo and Asha Mohan was used in the study. The results revealed that no significant difference was found between male and female students in achievement motivation as well as in academic achievement. However, significant relationship was found between achievement motivation and academic achievement.
Keyword: Achievement Motivation and Academic Achievement
4 DEPRESSION, EMOTIONAL MATURITY AND SUICIDAL IDEATION AMONG YOUTHS Vatan P. Bhosale & Vikas S. Minchekar The main purpose of this to find out the relationship between Depression, Emotional Maturity and Suicidal Ideation among Youths. It is hypothesized that, (i) There will be no significant difference between urban and rural youth and male and female among depression, emotional maturity and suicidal ideation, (ii) Depression, emotional maturity and suicidal ideation will be significantly correlated with each other (iii) Suicidal Ideation will significantly predict on the basis of Depression and Emotional Maturity. The Sample (n = 100) for this study consisted urban and rural youth from Sangli and Kolhapur districts by using accidental sampling method. Data was collected through Depression Scale, Emotional Maturity Scale and Suicidal Ideation Scale. Presented data analyzed by students 't' test, Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) and Multiple regression analysis. Results found that, there is no significant difference between urban and rural youth and male and female among depression, emotional maturity and suicidal ideation. Depression, Emotional Maturity and Suicidal Ideation significantly correlated to each other and suicidal ideation significantly predicted on the basis of depression and emotional maturity.
Key Words : Depression, Emotional Maturity, Suicidal Ideation and Urban and Rural Youth
5 STUDY ON VOCATIONAL MATURITY OF STUDENTS
IN RELATION TO THEIR ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT
Earlitha M Sangma & Brinda B. Kharbirymbai This study aims to look into the current status of vocational maturity among the secondary students of Garo Hills in relation to their academic achievement. A total of 450 students were taken for the sample which was randomly collected from schools of Garo Hills particularly from East and West Garo Hills. Vocational Attitude Maturity Scale (VAMS) developed by Manju Mehta was used for the collection of data. Analysis of the data collected, resulted in showing that the students of Garo Hills has an average attitude towards their vocational maturity. Further analysis of the data showed that there is a positive relationship between academic achievement and vocational maturity. Hence vocational maturity of the individual influences their academic achievement.
Keywords: vocational maturity, academic achievement and secondary students
6 THE EFFECT OF TRATAKA ON ANXIETY SYMPTOMS OF ANXIETY DISORDER PATIENTS
Ayushi Sabharwal, Santosh Kr. Vishvakarma,
Manish Gupta, Vivek kumar
Anxiety is becoming the most common psychological disorder. It affects day to day living of many individuals. People not even know that their worry sometimes is not just a worry it need to cure. Since ages yoga has played a tremendously visible affect on mind and body coordination. The present study was planned to see the effect of trataka on anxiety symptoms of anxiety disorder patients. The sample of the study involved 60 participants (males = 12, females = 48) between the age group of 18 to 32 years. The participants were assessed using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale to check their levels of anxiety. The data was analyzed using the t –test .For mean comparisons, the pre and post (Mean±1 S.D.) scores were compared. Clinically significant results were found at .01 level. Results imply that trataka can be effective as a therapeutic technique for anxiety symptoms.
Keywords : Trataka, Anxiety symptoms, anxiety disorders.
7 ADJUSTMENT AMONG GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
Rihunki Jones Toi & Ibadani Syiem Adjustment is an important factor in reducing stresses and strains of life. It is a state of harmony arrived at by a person whom we call 'well adjusted'. The efforts of the individual to adapt himself to the environment, to overcome frustration in achieving the gratification of his needs, may be called the adjustment process. No two individual are alike, so the way an individual adjust to his/her environment will also differs. The present paper will highlights the adjustment among government and private secondary school students in the following area – educational, social and emotional. Schools that are managed by an individual, trust or a private organisation and are not receiving any maintenance grants either from a Local Body or the Central or State Governments is known as private school, whereas schools that are managed and financed by the State Government is known as government school.
Keywords : adjustment, private, government secondary schools,
8 A STUDY OF JOB SATISFACTION LEVEL OF PART TIME COLLEGE
END UNIVERSITIES TEACHERS IN GARHWAL REGION
Shobha Naudiyal Recently there is a growing concern about the job satisfaction in teacher's life. Job satisfaction describes security, recognition, new experience and independency of the teacher. Job not only source of the income but also important component of the life. The present study investigated on (i) Satisfaction level of part time college and universities teachers in their job. (ii) Deference dimensions of job satisfaction in Garhwal Region. (iii) The need and significance of satisfaction level of part time college teachers in Garhwal Region. A descriptive survey method was applied in conducting the study a sample of 100 college and universities part-time teachers was selected with the help of simple random sample technique. The differences colleges of Garhwal Region and H.N.B. Garhwal University's male and female teachers were included in the study. Self made close ended questionnaire was developed regarding the differences dimensions of job satisfaction of part-time teachers. It was found that majority of teachers are not satisfied with their job. Opinion of maximum teacher shows long term growth of educational system and quality education depend upon the teacher. If teacher were not secure and satisfied then it found not possible.
Keywords : Job Satisfaction, Teachers Life, Satisfaction Level, Part Time Teachers
9 INVESTIGATION OF STRESS LEVEL IN ADOLESCENTS AT HOME AND SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT IN DISTRICT ANANTNAG
Nisar Ahmad Wani Adolescent is a developmental period characterized by multiple changes in virtually every aspect of an individual's life, calling for new psychology adaptations. Exposure to different stressors caused by these changes represents a central and normal part of the process of growth and development during adolescence. However, experience of cumulative and simultaneous negative stressors remains central as a potential threat to the well-being and healthy development during adolescence. Meanwhile, when faced with identical stressors, the stress process and the health outcomes of stress vary individually; the outcome depends on the role of different vulnerabilities and protective factors, in the individual as well as in the environment. Stress has become a common situation in our modern society. Nowadays, with constant development of many aspects, a day with just 24 hours seems not to be sufficient for an active person. As a result, people always have to face stress, which is adversely uncomfortable. To be more specific, the main causes of stress are career, relationship and health-related problems etc.
Key Notes : Adolescence, Stress, Stressor, School, Family, Psychological distress, Aggression.
10 स्नातक स्तर पर अध्ययनरत् विधार्थियों के योगाभ्यास का अध्ययन
संजीव कुमार एवं एस. के. लखेड़ा योग संस्कृत धातु युज से उत्पन्न हुआ है, जिसका अर्थ है जोड़ना अर्थात् व्यक्तिगत चेतना या आत्मा का सार्वभौमिक चेतना से मिलन । योग वास्तव में आध्यात्मिक प्रकिया है योगाभ्यास में शरीर, मन, और आत्मा को एक साथ लाने का कार्य होता है। योगाभ्यास के अन्तर्गत प्राणायाम, आसन एवं ध्यान के द्वारा मानसिक, शारीरिक, संवेगात्मक, सामाजिकता एवं नैतिकता का विकास होता है। यह तो सर्व विदित है कि वर्तमान भौतिकवादी युग में व्यक्ति कई तरह से मानसिक दवाब एवं शारीरिक समस्याओं से ग्रसित है ऐसे में योग एवं इसकी शिक्षा का महत्व बढ़ जाता है। शोध अध्ययन के लिए हेमवती नन्दन बहुगुणा केन्द्रीय विश्वविधालय, श्रीनगर के बिड़ला परिसर के 105 स्नातक स्तर पर अध्ययनरत् (55 विज्ञान वर्ग एवं 50 कला वर्ग) छात्र एवं छात्राओं का चयन यादृच्छिक विधि द्वारा किया गया है। योगाभ्यास एवं गैर योगाभ्यास का मापन के लिए शोधकर्ता ने स्वयं निर्मित अनूसुची का प्रयोग किया गया है। आंकडों के एकत्र करने के लिए वर्णानात्मक सर्वंेक्षण विधि का प्रयोग किया तथा आकड़ों के निष्कर्ष निकालने के लिए प्रतिशत सांख्यिकी का प्रयोग किया गया है। शोध अध्ययन से प्राप्त निष्कर्षो के आधार पर स्नातक स्तर के 53 प्रतिशत विद्यार्थी योगाभ्यासी है तथा विज्ञान वर्ग के विद्यार्थियों (43.63 प्रतिशत) की अपेक्षा कला वर्ग के विद्यार्थी (58 प्रतिशत) अधिक योगाभ्यास करते है।
मुख्य बिन्दु - योगाभ्यास, विज्ञान व कला स्तर के विद्यार्थी ।
11 किशोर विद्यार्थियों में अध्ययनरत् विद्यार्थियों में स्व-अध्ययन प्रवृत्ति में गिरावट के कारणों का विश्लेषणात्मक अध्ययन् प्रीति श्रीवास्तव एवं श्रीमती मनीषा चन्द्रवंशी शिक्षा का अर्थ केवल सीखना नहीं वरन् मस्तिष्क की शक्तियों का अभ्यास तथा विकास है। बालक स्कूली शिक्षा तथा पारिवारिक शिक्षा एवं सामाजिक शिक्षा का मनन करके अपना मत बनाता है, और विकास की ओर अग्रसर होता रहता है। भारतीय परिवेश में 10-14 वर्ष की आयु को किशोरावस्था का नाम दिया गया है। इस उम्र को तूफानो भरा काल तथा कुछ विद्वानों ने व्यक्ति के जीवन के सबसे कठिन काल भी बताया है। किशोरावस्था में स्व-अध्ययन की प्रवृत्ति में गिरावट के कारणों का विश्लेषणात्मक अध्ययन का वर्तमान शोध पत्र के लिए चयन किया गया है। शोध पत्र के लिए 9वीं में अध्ययनरत् किशोरों का चयन किया गया है। अध्ययन के लिए रायपुर क्षेत्र के 3 शासकीय, 3 अशासकीय विद्यालय के कक्षा 9वीं में अध्ययनरत् 60 विद्यार्थियों, 30 शिक्षक/शिक्षिकाओं व 30 अभिभावकों का चयन किया गया है। शोध प्रश्नों से प्राप्त जानकारी के अनुसार यह कहा जा सकता है कि किशोर विद्यार्थियों के स्व-अध्ययन प्रवृत्ति में गिरावट आयी है पर स्व-अध्ययन की प्रवृत्ति को बढ़ाया जा सकता है। स्व-अध्ययन के द्वारा विद्यार्थियों में चिंतन-मनन करने की क्षमता का विकास होता है।
12 दूरस्थ शिक्षा में सूचना एवं सम्प्रेषण प्रौद्योगिकी के तकनीकी माध्यमों के प्रयोग का अध्ययन
अनीता नेगी वर्तमान में छात्रों की बढ़ती हुयी जनसंरव्या के कारण विद्यालयी शिक्षा/ औपचारिक शिक्षा पर अत्याधिक दबाव पड़ रहा है। जिसके कारण प्रवेश प्रक्रिया समस्या एवं सभी को शैक्षिक सुलभता नहीं मिल पा रही है। इस समस्या के निदान हेतु दूरस्थ शिक्षा एक मुरव्य विकल्प के रूप में उभरा है। जिसने देश के विभिन्न कोनों में दूर दराज स्थित व्यक्तियों के घर तक शिक्षा के सुलभ अवसर प्रदान किये है।
कूट षब्द: दूरस्थ शिक्षा, सूचना एवं सम्प्रेषण प्रौद्योगिकी एवं प्रयोग।

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Dr. Ruby Charak Associate Professor, Deptt. of Psychology, University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley, USA
Dr. Ram Prasad Pal Associate Professor, Deptt. of Pub. Adm. and Development Management, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia
Prof. Shamsur Rahman Khan Psychiatrist, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Anuja Rathi CEO Management, DOCASAP, Virginia, USA
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